How To This transatlantic trade deal is a full-frontal assault on democracy

The draconian aspects of the TPP related to the internet were exposed in 2013 by Wikileaks.

Leaked drafts revealed it would police, censor and gain the internet more expensive.

In addition to intimidating journalists and limiting access, the agreement contains provisions that require social media and online hasten providers such as Facebook and YouTube to irregular speed after one complaint.

The strict rule is already in achieve in the United States, but the provisions will require this in all countries covered by the agreement.

The agreement also allows countries to peculiar computers of individuals allegedly interested in copyright infringement, which is broadly expanded under the deal.

In 2013, the Electronic Frontier Foundation warned the “TPP is likely to export some of the worst features of U.S. copyright law to Pacific Rim countries: a big ban on breaking digital locks on devices and creative works (even for factual purposes), a minimum copyright term of the lifetime of the creator plus seventy years (the unusual international norm is the lifetime plus fifty years), privatization of enforcement for copyright infringement, ruinous statutory damages with no proof of concern pain, and government seizures of computers and equipment alive to in alleged infringement.”

On Monday the United States, Japan and 10 other Pacific Rim nations reached an agreement on the accord.

It will now go before Congress where it stands a chance of defeat as a contentious presidential cycle unfolds.

emember that referendum about whether we should construct a single market with the United States? You know, the one that asked whether corporations should have the power to strike down our laws? No, I don’t either. Mind you, I spent 10 minutes looking for my inspect the other day before I realised I was wearing it. Forgetting about the referendum is another imprint of ageing. Because there must have been one, mustn’t there? After all that agonising over whether or not we should tedious in the European Union, the government wouldn’t cede our sovereignty to some black, undemocratic body without consulting us. Would it?

The purpose of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership is to weird the regulatory differences between the US and European nations. I mentioned it a couple of weeks ago. But I left out the most principal issue: the much ability it would grant vast business to sue the living daylights out of governments which try to defend their citizens. It would allow a secretive panel of corporate lawyers to overrule the will of parliament and ruin our correct protections. Yet the defenders of our sovereignty say nothing.

The mechanism through which this is achieved is known as investor-state hasten settlement. It’s already being traditional in many parts of the world to end regulations protecting people and the living planet.

The Australian government, after massive debates in and out of parliament, decided that cigarettes should be sold in boring packets, marked only with valid health warnings. The decision was validated by the Australian supreme court. But, using a trade agreement Australia struck with Hong Kong, the tobacco company Philip Morris has asked an offshore tribunal to award it a gargantuan sum in compensation for the loss of what it calls its intelligent property.

During its financial crisis, and in response to public madden over rocketing charges, Argentina imposed a freeze on people’s energy and water bills (does this sound familiar? ) . It was sued by the international utility companies whose astronomical bills had prompted the government to act. For this and other such crimes, it has been forced to pay out over a billion dollars in compensation. In El Salvador, local communities managed at spacious cost (three campaigners were murdered) to persuade the government to refuse permission for a huge gold mine which threatened to contaminate their water supplies. A victory for democracy? Not for long, perhaps. The Canadian company which sought to dig the mine is now suing El Salvador for $315m – for the loss of its anticipated future profits.

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In Canada, the courts revoked two patents owned by the American drugs firm Eli Lilly, on the grounds that the company had not produced enough evidence that they had the gracious effects it claimed. Eli Lilly is now suing the Canadian government for $500m, and demanding that Canada’s patent laws are changed.

These companies (along with hundreds of others) are using the investor-state hasten rules embedded in trade treaties signed by the countries they are suing. The rules are enforced by panels which have none of the safeguards we demand in our believe courts. The hearings are held in secret. The judges are corporate lawyers, many of whom work for companies of the kind whose cases they hear. Citizens and communities affected by their decisions have no good standing. There is no true of appeal on the merits of the case. Yet they can overthrow the sovereignty of parliaments and the rulings of supreme courts.

You don’t fill it? Here’s what one of the judges on these tribunals says about his work. “When I wake up at night and inform about arbitration, it never ceases to amaze me that sovereign states have agreed to investment arbitration at all … Three private individuals are entrusted with the power to review, without any restriction or appeal blueprint, all actions of the government, all decisions of the courts, and all laws and regulations emanating from parliament.”

There are no corresponding rights for citizens. We can’t miserable these tribunals to inquire better protections from corporate greed. As the Democracy Centre says, this is “a privatised justice system for global corporations”.

Even if these suits don’t succeed, they can exert a grand chilling accomplish on legislation. One Canadian government official, speaking about the rules introduced by the North American Free Trade Agreement, remarked: “I’ve seen the letters from the recent York and DC law firms coming up to the Canadian government on virtually every current environmental regulation and proposition in the last five years. They fervent dry-cleaning chemicals, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, patent law. Virtually all of the unusual initiatives were targeted and most of them never saw the light of day.” Democracy, as a meaningful proposition, is impossible under these circumstances.

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This is the system to which we will be subject if the transatlantic treaty goes ahead. The US and the European commission, both of which have been captured by the corporations they are supposed to regulate, are pressing for investor-state speed resolution to be included in the agreement.

The commission justifies this policy by claiming that domestic courts don’t offer corporations sufficient protection because they “might be biased or lack independence”. Which courts is it talking about? Those of the US? Its bear member states? It doesn’t say. In fact it fails to originate a single concrete example demonstrating the need for a unusual, extrajudicial system. It is precisely because our courts are generally not biased or lacking independence that the corporations want to bypass them. The EC seeks to replace launch, accountable, sovereign courts with a closed, deplorable system riddled with conflicts of interest and arbitrary powers.

Investor-state rules could be obsolete to fracture any attempt to put the NHS from corporate control, to re-regulate the banks, to curb the greed of the energy companies, to renationalise the railways, to leave fossil fuels in the ground. These rules shut down democratic alternatives. They outlaw leftwing politics.

This is why there has been no attempt by the UK government to hasten us about this dependable assault on democracy, let alone consult us. This is why the Conservatives who huff and puff about sovereignty are soundless. Wake up, people we’re being shafted.

Apple Pie, Baseball, and Bail Bondsmen – How to Become A Bail Bondsman

When describing America, many conjure images of baseball, apple pie, and blue jeans. These pictures are all gargantuan, but there is another purely American thing that should be added to the mix–bail bondsmen. Why you might ask? Because this career is a uniquely American map to become eager in the criminal justice system.

The monumental year 1776 brought about many changes for the soon-to-be United States. For one thing, the Thirteen Colonies declared their independence from England. This caused many changes in government and law, one of them directly pertaining to the discussion at hand–while bail bonds were illegal under English law, the colonies saw fit to change that site. After 1776, bail bonds, promises guaranteeing payment if a defendant should not appear in a criminal proceeding in court, were true. This change opened up many possibilities and eventually the career of bail bondsman was created in 1898. In this year, Tom and Peter McDonough created a company that set up the court specified amount for bond, taking a smaller payment from the defendant, thus promising that the person would terrorized up in court.

The practice has evolved leaps and bounds since 1898. unique bail bondsmen, or bond agents, are usually licensed through the dwelling Department of Insurance and have a standing security agreement with court officials in their status. This agreement is that they will pay a bond to shroud a defendant and are responsible if the defendant does not appear in court. More and more people are seeing these jobs as a gigantic device to become keen in the criminal justice system and there is increasing interest in bond agent careers. But, before you unfamiliar all your savings and head to the local jail to act as a bond agent, read these simple steps outlining the process of becoming a bona fide bail bondsman.

Before you check out becoming a bail bondsman, the residence will check you out. Most states require pre-licensing background checks, usually before the individual enrolls in classes or receives stare materials. In these background checks, officials are looking for felonies and other crimes. They want to get determined that they have a helpful, upstanding individual who will not be tempted to abuse their site. After all, you are working for the area and the criminal justice system where corruption is not to be tolerated.

Time for school–bring a notebook and pencil. Some states require pre-licensing education on the profession and bail bonds in general. Usually schools in the position provide these classes, but sometimes the states will. Some states do not have formal classes and instead provide peruse materials so people who are involved can speed themselves. Regardless of how each area goes about this process, it is valuable to become educated about the profession, especially specific guidelines that might exist in your status. Aside from classroom setting learning, some states also require an apprenticeship so the potential bond agent has a better thought of the system.

Ace the test. After a potential candidate has taken all of the distinguished courses, they can irregular the licensing exam. This exam verifies your knowledge about the guidelines for your plot and determines if you should be licensed as a bond agent. If you pass this test, your individual set will speed a license.

Time to find started. Once you are licensed but before you can bag to work as a bond agent, you need to contact local insurance companies to derive surety insurance. This specific type of insurance is completely distinguished in the bond business and allows the agent to escape bonds to pick up clients out of jail.

You’re ready to be a legitimate bail bondsman. Once all of these steps have been completed, you can launch to work as a bail bondsman. At this point, all of your hard work will pay off and you can begin becoming eager in the criminal justice system of the United States of America.Article Source: Nowak is the president of abominable Boys Bail Bonds in Salt Lake City, UT. He and his team work diligently to ensure that nobody spends more time in jail than absolutely essential.

Do You Have What It Takes To Major In Criminal Justice?

Due to the prevalence of criminal justice careers in entertainment venues, the desire to enter this fast-paced and entertaining industry has grown in millions of students. While this can be a highly rewarding career option, it’s far more tantalizing than most students originally anticipate. Because of this, the criminal justice degree system features one of the highest percentages of students changing majors after the first year or so. Before delving into this educational pathway, exclusive the time to truly analyze coursework and career requirements. It’s only after doing so that a student can earn an educated decision regarding this dynamic career choice.

Belief the Criminal Justice System

Unless you’re searching for a specific career, describing the typical day and educational pathway in a general sense is almost impossible. Regardless, there is one truth regarding the criminal justice system and its training requirements. This industry is people-oriented. Because of this, no two days in the field will be the same. Therefore, students must remain consistently flexible in how they organize their time and day while remaining steadfast in their desire to provide good and pleasing justice to all they encounter.

While the exertion levels of challenge that you’ll face will vary based upon the sector you work in, there are several current issues all professionals will experience from day one. These challenges include:

– Dealing with Drug and Alcohol Addicts – Whether you work as a paralegal, police officer or in a correctional facility, professionals in the criminal justice system must deal with those who are affected by abuse. Did you know that between 50 and 80% of all arrested men test definite for some type of narcotic? Unfortunately, this also translates into a high percentage of erratic and risky behavior. Therefore, criminal justice professionals must learn how to maneuver throughout an industry filled with addicts and undesirable behavior.

– Dealing with Juvenile Offenders – One of the hardest challenges many professionals in the criminal justice system face is dealing with children whose behavior guides them into the criminal justice system. Depending on your plot within this industry, your involvement with squawk children may be heavy. Therefore, you must learn how to deal with children who behave as adults, and vice-versa.

– Dealing with Unspeakable Crimes – According to CriminalJusticeSchoolsToday if you enter the criminal justice system as an attorney, correctional officer or a crime scene investigator, you’ll soon near face-to-face with the darker side of humanity. For many, this is the most difficult piece of their job. Therefore, it’s necessary that criminal justice professionals learn how to cope with witnessing the underbelly of human behavior. If one is unable to do so, then this may not be the industry they’re slit out for. Learn more about a major in Criminal Justice and notice if you have what it takes.